If anyone violated the collective conscience embodied in laws and taboos, punishment was swift and retributive.
To the degree that rational efficiency begins to undermine the substantial human values it was designed to serve i. When people tend to do the same type of work, Durkheim argued, they tend to think and act alike.
We have chain restaurants instead of local eateries. In return for maintaining and working the land, serfs were guaranteed a place to live and protection from outside enemies.
There was at least some connection between the worker and the product, augmented by the natural conditions of seasons and the rising and setting of the sun, such as we see in an agricultural society. Our roles in life have a great effect on our decisions and who we become.
The nobility, known as lords, rewarded knights or vassals by granting them pieces of land. There is nothing that ties workers to their occupations. Under the system of capitalist wage labour, women were doubly exploited.