People started questioning the role the church played and the power of the clergy, still following the faith, but lightly criticizing the ceremonies and grandiose of the church instead of just focusing on the faith.
Turville-Petre have identified a stream of humanistic philosophy in the Icelandic sagas. Crombie viewing the Renaissance in the 19th-century manner as a chapter in the heroic March of Progress calls "a backwards-looking admiration for antiquity", in which Platonism stood in opposition to the Aristotelian concentration on the observable properties of the physical world.
Indeed, though the word Renaissance is of more recent coinage, the fundamental idea of that period as one of renewal and reawakening is humanistic in origin.
During this time period, people became less focused on matters of theism and more focused on exercising philosophies of reason, individuality, and learning. During the fourteenth century Italy witnessed notable changes, which throughout the next couple of centuries extended towards northern Europe.
The term thus implied not only such qualities as are associated with the modern word humanity—understanding, benevolencecompassion, mercy—but also such more assertive characteristics as fortitudejudgment, prudenceeloquence, and even love of honour.
The words of the comic playwright P. The philosophy of humanism began, combining the values of both spirituality and the worth of the human mind and experience. Paul Johnson agrees that Petrarch was "the first to put into words the notion that the centuries between the fall of Rome and the present had been the age of Darkness".
The Master withdrew from court and asked, 'Was anybody hurt?