Union regiments pulled from one area of Cemetery Hill to plug a gap created by the retreat created their own gap, and Confederate infantry poured through. Battle of Gettysburg Begins: July 1 Upon learning that the Army of the Potomac was on its way, Lee planned to assemble his army in the prosperous crossroads town of Gettysburg, 35 miles southwest of Harrisburg, Pennsylvania.
Believing his men had been on the brink of victory the day before, Lee decided to send three divisions preceded by an artillery barrage against the Union center on Cemetery Ridge. Click here for the full text of the Gettysburg Address. John Buford, whose cavalry fired the first shots of the battle, died December 16, She was the only civilian killed during the battle.
Lee had invaded the North and was trying to defeat the Union Army once and for all. The move dangerously stretched his 10,man corps. Total casualties from that one-day battle exceeded 23, Although badly mauled, the Army of the Potomac under Maj.
For a time, Federal guns replied, until the order came down to conserve ammunition for the attack that was obviously coming. Near the Union center, it broke through temporarily until reinforcements drove it back.