Characterized by ambushes, surprise raids, and irregular styles of combat, this guerrilla war became savage, chaotic, and often disorganized. Certainly he has been a controversial figure ever since he met his death by a hangman's noose at the hands of the Confederate authorities in Fort Smith in January Early Civil War historians characterized guerrillas as interesting yet irrelevant, and as a result the importance of guerrillas during the Civil War has been largely understated.
Noncombatants who had suffered either directly from guerrilla violence or indirectly through federal retaliation gave up trying to win the war.
The Aryan Brotherhood may not be as well known as other prison gangs, such as the Black Guerrilla Family, the Mexican Mafia, or La Nuestra Familia, but their brutal, ruthless, and vicious acts and beliefs have made them one of the most feared.
Arkansas Unionist forces were used as anti-guerrilla troops. Union Colonel William Weer, commanding the 1 st Division of the Army of the Frontier, had a program for improving community relations, which was by no means unique.
Despite the significant role that guerrillas played during the war, academically they have received very little attention. In the summer ofit was reported that a constant exodus of refugees for other parts of the Union had been going on for months. The youngest admitted that he had killed twenty-one men.
Dark, at the beginning of the war, was serving a sentence in the state penitentiary at Little Rock when he was released on condition that he join the Confederate Army.