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Why medical marijuanas should be legal
You can take this prescription to any pharmacy for dispensing. The amount of cannabis normally used for medicinal purposes is not believed to cause any permanent cognitive impairment in adults, though long-term treatment in adolescents should be weighed carefully as they are more susceptible to these impairments. Hide Cannabis: a history The earliest written reference to cannabis comes from China in the third millennium BC, but archaeological evidence suggests that hemp, probably for use in fabrics, was cultivated as early as 8,BC. California kicked off the legalisation of medicinal cannabis in , several states had legalised recreational use by and a majority of states had legalised medicinal cannabis by Who can prescribe and supply medicinal cannabis legally? Since many varieties of the cannabis plant and plant derivatives all share the same name, the term medical cannabis is ambiguous and can be misunderstood. For more information visit the Office of Drug Control external site. In particular, marijuana appears to ease the pain of multiple sclerosis, and nerve pain in general. And cannabis could indeed be tried under such circumstances. Studies have shown a significant proportion of drivers involved in traffic crashes test positive for cannabis. This is in part because the medical community has been, as a whole, overly dismissive of this issue.
In her capacity as a GP, Kotsirilos has seen medicinal cannabis alleviate symptoms and be well tolerated in patients. Information about a therapy, service, product or treatment does not imply endorsement and is not intended to replace advice from your healthcare professional. AMA president Dr Tony Bartone says that to an extent, the research needs to start from scratch before it can be widely prescribed.
It may be useful in reducing pain and inflammation, controlling epileptic seizures, and possibly even treating mental illness and addictions.
Smoking cannabis is not recommended by health authorities, as the smoked form contains at least 50 of the same carcinogens as tobacco. Is medical marijuana just a ploy to legalize marijuana in general?
The FDA requires carefully conducted studies clinical trials in hundreds to thousands of human subjects to determine the benefits and risks of a possible medication. In particular, marijuana appears to ease the pain of multiple sclerosis, and nerve pain in general. THC intoxication is well established to impair cognitive functioning on an acute basis, including effects on the ability to plan, organize, solve problems, make decisions, and control impulses. And cannabis could indeed be tried under such circumstances. Research in mice showed that treatment with purified extracts of THC and CBD, when used with radiation, increased the cancer-killing effects of the radiation. Patients located within Australia are not allowed to import medicinal cannabis products themselves. In particular, a NIDA-funded study published in found that from to , states with medical cannabis laws experienced slower rates of increase in opioid analgesic overdose death rates compared to states without such laws. Canada lifted a ban on recreational use in , while the UK legalised medicinal marijuana in the same year, albeit subject to tight restrictions. Details of the requirements are available from the TGA external site. The low bioavailability is largely attributed to significant first-pass metabolism in the liver and erratic absorption from the gastrointestinal tract. THC may also decrease pain, inflammation swelling and redness , and muscle control problems. These are just a few of the excellent questions around this subject, questions that I am going to studiously avoid so we can focus on two specific areas: why do patients find it useful, and how can they discuss it with their doctor? In February , the Australian Government amended the Narcotic Drugs Act to allow cultivation of cannabis for medicinal or scientific purposes, under a national licensing scheme. It is therefore recommended that people using medicinal cannabis do not drive. Products vary in composition and strength.
You can take this prescription to any pharmacy for dispensing. The main psychoactive ingredient of cannabis is tetrahydrocannabinol THCwhich acts on specific receptors in the brain known as cannabinoid or CB1 receptors. So far, researchers haven't conducted enough large-scale clinical trials that show that the benefits of the marijuana plant as opposed to its cannabinoid ingredients outweigh its risks in patients it's meant to treat.
Is it addictive? Uses of medical marijuana The most common use for medical marijuana in the United States is for pain control.
As ofcurrent studies suffer from effects of bias, small sample size, and lack of long-term data. Products vary in composition and strength.
Types of medical marijuanas
Who is already using it? This tar is chemically similar to that found in tobacco smoke,  and over fifty known carcinogens have been identified in cannabis smoke,  including nitrosamines, reactive aldehydes, and polycylic hydrocarbons, including benz[a]pyrene. Unregulated and illegal herbal cannabis plant products , which contains unknown concentrations of cannabinoids and potentially harmful impurities such as bacteria and mould USA only. The changes do not legalise the growing of cannabis for non-medical purposes. Canada lifted a ban on recreational use in , while the UK legalised medicinal marijuana in the same year, albeit subject to tight restrictions. While patients may seek access to medicinal cannabis from any GP, Nijhawan says that a lack of expertise in medicinal cannabis products, an aversion to the amount of paperwork involved in securing access, and the risks associated with prescribing an unregistered drug mean many GPs shy away from the drug. Marijuana is also used to manage nausea and weight loss, and can be used to treat glaucoma. The ability to drive vehicles or to operate machinery may be impaired until a tolerance is developed. Doctors warn against rush to prescribe medicinal cannabis Read more Commercially available drugs can take the form of pills, patches or oils and contain different combinations of THC and CBD.
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